Marine life - The Mediterranean monk seal (Μonachus monachus)
The region of Kimolos and Polyaigos is one of the most ideal habitats for the Mediterranean monk seal both on a national and world scale. This species is under the threat of extinction, since it is estimated that its total population does not exceed the 500 individuals, half of which live in Greek seas.
In the numerous marine caves, along the coasts of the two islands, seals find shelter in order to rest and breed. Every year, 6-8 pups are born , while about 40 individuals are estimated to live in the region. As a hunter, the seal is at the top of the marine food chain and the above figures indicate that the marine ecosystem is in an excellent condition.
Particularly important for marine life is Posidonia, (Posidonia oceanica). This plant is the main constituent of the submarine meadows enriching the sea with oxygen and providing a habitat for a great number of fish and invertebrates.
If you wish to explore the underwater life, all you need is a mask and a pair of flippers. Unlike the rest of Greece, itís worth knowing that scuba diving is allowed in many areas. In Polonia, on Milos, there are facilities for diving including equipment rental, scuba-diving courses, and organised activities for beginners and for more experienced divers. While snorkeling, you stand a good chance of seeing a seal. However, seals are very vulnerable to disturbance, so try not to scare them away.